Simplified Python gRPC Interceptors

The primary aim of this project is to make Python gRPC interceptors simple. The Python grpc package provides service interceptors, but they’re a bit hard to use because of their flexibility. The grpc interceptors don’t have direct access to the request and response objects, or the service context. Access to these are often desired, to be able to log data in the request or response, or set status codes on the context.

The secondary aim of this project is to keep the code small and simple. Code you can read through and understand quickly gives you confidence and helps debug issues. When you install this package, you also don’t want a bunch of other packages that might cause conflicts within your project. Too many dependencies also slow down installation as well as runtime (fresh imports take time). Hence, a goal of this project is to keep dependencies to a minimum. The only dependency is the grpc package.

The grpc_interceptor package provides the following:

  • An Interceptor base class, to make it easy to define your own service interceptors.

  • An ExceptionToStatusInterceptor interceptor, so your service can raise exceptions that set the gRPC status code correctly (rather than the default of every exception resulting in an UNKNOWN status code). This is something for which pretty much any service will have a use.


$ pip install grpc-interceptor


To define your own interceptor (we can use ExceptionToStatusInterceptor as an example):

from grpc_interceptor.base import Interceptor

class ExceptionToStatusInterceptor(Interceptor):

    def intercept(
        method: Callable,
        request: Any,
        context: grpc.ServicerContext,
        method_name: str,
    ) -> Any:
        """Override this method to implement a custom interceptor.

         You should call method(request, context) to invoke the
         next handler (either the RPC method implementation, or the
         next interceptor in the list).

             method: The next interceptor, or method implementation.
             request: The RPC request, as a protobuf message.
             context: The ServicerContext pass by gRPC to the service.
             method_name: A string of the form

             This should generally return the result of
             method(request, context), which is typically the RPC
             method response, as a protobuf message. The interceptor
             is free to modify this in some way, however.
            return method(request, context)
        except GrpcException as e:

Then inject your interceptor when you create the grpc server:

interceptors = [ExceptionToStatusInterceptor()]
server = grpc.server(

To use ExceptionToStatusInterceptor:

from grpc_interceptor.exceptions import NotFound

class MyService(my_pb2_grpc.MyServiceServicer):
    def MyRpcMethod(
        self, request: MyRequest, context: grpc.ServicerContext
    ) -> MyResponse:
        thing = lookup_thing()
        if not thing:
            raise NotFound("Sorry, your thing is missing")

This results in the gRPC status status code being set to NOT_FOUND, and the details "Sorry, your thing is missing". This saves you the hassle of catching exceptions in your service handler, or passing the context down into helper functions so they can call context.abort or context.set_code. It allows the more Pythonic approach of just raising an exception from anywhere in the code, and having it be handled automatically.


These are the current limitations, although supporting these is possible. Contributions or requests are welcome.

  • Interceptor currently only supports unary-unary RPCs.

  • The package only provides service interceptors.